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Russian Grammar – They were at the factory. 🇷🇺

Russian Grammar Question Answer S

Они́ _____ на заво́де.

They were at the factory.

This is how to say They were at the factory. in Russian with the correct grammar: Они́ _____ на заво́де., with the answer being “были”. Here you will learn how to pronounce были correctly and in the comments below be able to read comments on how to understand this grammar & tips and explanations on the grammar subject. Then, below that, you will have the opportunity to play a game practicing all different types of Russian grammar and vocabulary.

Comments, Advice & Explanations on the Russian Grammar Question: Они́ _____ на заво́де.

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  • The Russian translation for были
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Они́ _____ на заво́де.

Они́ бы́ли на заво́де.


1. The verb "to be" in Russian in the past tense:
– "Быть" (to be) conjugates in the past tense based on the subject's gender and number.
– "Они́" (they) is the plural subject pronoun.
– The past tense form for plural subjects (они́) is "бы́ли".

2. Formation of the past tense for verbs:
– Russian past tense verbs are formed by removing the infinitive ending (typically "-ть") and adding the appropriate past tense ending.
– For the verb "быть" the base form is "бы-", and the past tense endings are:
– "л" (for masculine singular)
– "ла" (for feminine singular)
– "ло" (for neuter singular)
– "ли" (for plural)

Here, "бы́ли" (byli) is used as it corresponds to the plural form "они́" (they).

3. Context and agreement:
– In the sentence "Они́ бы́ли на заво́де," the verb "бы́ли" is correctly used as it agrees with the plural subject pronoun "они́."
– The location "на заво́де" (at the factory) provides context but doesn't affect the verb conjugation.

Romanized characters:
– Они́ были на заводе.
– Oni byli na zavode.

Through these points, we understand why "бы́ли" is the correct answer and how it fits within the rules of Russian grammar for past tense verb conjugation.

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