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Russian Grammar – She used to be a waitress. 🇷🇺

Russian Grammar Question Answer S

Ра́ньше она́ была́ _____.

She used to be a waitress.

This is how to say She used to be a waitress. in Russian with the correct grammar: Ра́ньше она́ была́ _____., with the answer being “официанткой”. Here you will learn how to pronounce официанткой correctly and in the comments below be able to read comments on how to understand this grammar & tips and explanations on the grammar subject. Then, below that, you will have the opportunity to play a game practicing all different types of Russian grammar and vocabulary.

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  • The Russian translation for официанткой
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Ра́ньше она́ была́ _____.

The word "официанткой" is used in this context because it is in the instrumental case, which is necessary in Russian when indicating what someone used to be or their profession/state in the past. The instrumental case often answers the questions "кем?" (by whom?) or "чем?" (by what?).

In this sentence, "Она была официанткой" (She used to be a waitress), the instrumental case is applied to the noun "официантка" (waitress).

Here is a breakdown of why "официанткой" is the correct form:

1. Instrumental Case Usage:
– When discussing former professions or roles, Russian uses the instrumental case after the verb "быть" (to be). This indicates the state or role that someone was in.
– Examples: "Он был учителем" (He was a teacher – male), "Она была актрисой" (She was an actress).

2. Noun Declension:
– The noun "официантка" (waitress) in the nominative case (the base case or dictionary form) changes to "официанткой" in the instrumental case.
– For feminine nouns ending in "-а," like "официантка," the ending changes to "-ой" or "-ей" in the instrumental case. "официантка" becomes "официанткой."

3. Verb Agreement:
– The verb "была" is the past tense, feminine form of "быть" (to be), agreeing with "она" (she).
– The noun "официанткой" correctly matches this verb form in the instrumental case to describe her previous occupation.

Romanization of the key parts:
официантка (waitress) in nominative: ofitsiantka
официанткой (waitress) in instrumental: ofitsiantkoy
она была (she used to be): ona byla

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