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Russian Grammar – His back is in pain 🇷🇺

Russian Grammar Question Answer S

У ___ (он) боли́т спина́.

His back is in pain

This is how to say His back is in pain in Russian with the correct grammar: У ___ (он) боли́т спина́., with the answer being “него́”. Here you will learn how to pronounce него́ correctly and in the comments below be able to read comments on how to understand this grammar & tips and explanations on the grammar subject. Then, below that, you will have the opportunity to play a game practicing all different types of Russian grammar and vocabulary.

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У ___ (он) боли́т спина́.

The answer "него́" (nego) is required in this sentence because it is the genitive case of the pronoun "он" (on), meaning "he."

### Explanation:
1. Possession and Pain Construction:
– In Russian, to indicate possession in the context of physical sensations (such as pain), the genitive case is often used.
– The phrase "У него́ боли́т" literally translates to "At him, it hurts" or more naturally, "His [body part] hurts."

2. Structure of the Sentence:
– "У" (u) is a preposition that translates to "at" or "by."
– After "у," the following pronoun must be in the genitive case to show whose body part or belonging is being talked about.
– Therefore, "он" (on) in nominative (subject) case changes to "него́" (nego) in genitive (possessive).

3. Body Part and Verb Agreement:
– "Спина́" (spina) means "back."
– "Боли́т" (bolit) is a third-person singular form of the verb "боли́ть" (to hurt), indicating that the subject (in this case, the back) is experiencing pain.

### Summary:
Nominative Pronoun: он (on) – he
Genitive Pronoun: него́ (nego) – of him / his [used in possession contexts]
Preposition Used: у (u) – at/by, which requires the following noun/pronoun to be in the genitive case.

Therefore, "У него́ боли́т спина́" translates to "His back is in pain," with "него́" as the correct form of the pronoun in this context.

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