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Russian Grammar – Do you have a pencil? 🇷🇺

Russian Grammar Question Answer S

____ тебя́ есть каранда́ш?

Do you have a pencil?

This is how to say Do you have a pencil? in Russian with the correct grammar: ____ тебя́ есть каранда́ш?, with the answer being “у”. Here you will learn how to pronounce у correctly and in the comments below be able to read comments on how to understand this grammar & tips and explanations on the grammar subject. Then, below that, you will have the opportunity to play a game practicing all different types of Russian grammar and vocabulary.

Comments, Advice & Explanations on the Russian Grammar Question: ____ тебя́ есть каранда́ш?

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  • Explanations for the general grammar rule in this case
  • The Russian translation for у
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____ тебя́ есть каранда́ш?

The answer "у" in the question "____ тебя́ есть каранда́ш?" translates to "Do you have a pencil?" in English. This uses the construct "у + genitive case pronoun (тебя) + есть" to indicate possession in Russian.

1. Possession with "у": In Russian, to express possession, you use the preposition "у" (u) followed by a noun or pronoun in the genitive case. The structure is:
– у (u) + [genitive case pronoun/noun] + есть (yest')
– This translates literally to "[something] is at [someone]", implying possession.

2. Genitive Case Pronoun: The personal pronoun "ты" (ty, you – singular informal) changes to "тебя́" (tebya, of you – singular informal) in the genitive case which is required after "у".
– ты (ty) → тебя́ (tebya) in the genitive case.

3. Combining with есть: The word "есть" (yest') means "there is" or "is" and is necessary in this construction to indicate the existence or presence of something (here, the pencil).

Putting it together:
– "у" (u, at) + "тебя́" (tebya, of you) + "есть" (yest', there is) = "у тебя́ есть" (u tebya yest', you have).

Therefore, the filled-in sentence "у тебя́ есть каранда́ш?" (u tebya yest' karandash?) properly translates to "Do you have a pencil?".

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