Skip to content

Russian Grammar – Do they have waiters? 🇷🇺

Russian Grammar Question Answer S

_____ (они́) есть официа́нты?

Do they have waiters?

У них
This is how to say Do they have waiters? in Russian with the correct grammar: _____ (они́) есть официа́нты?, with the answer being “У них”. Here you will learn how to pronounce У них correctly and in the comments below be able to read comments on how to understand this grammar & tips and explanations on the grammar subject. Then, below that, you will have the opportunity to play a game practicing all different types of Russian grammar and vocabulary.

Comments, Advice & Explanations on the Russian Grammar Question: _____ (они́) есть официа́нты?

Comment on the Russian Grammar question “Do they have waiters?” in the following ways:

  • Tips and tricks to remember the correct answer to _____ (они́) есть официа́нты?
  • Explanations for the general grammar rule in this case
  • The Russian translation for У них
  • Questions about correctly saying Do they have waiters? in Russian, etc.

_____ (они́) есть официа́нты?


In Russian, to express possession or to say "Do they have…?" you use the construction "у + genitive case of the pronoun + есть + nominative case of the object".

Breaking it down:
1. "у" (u): This is a preposition that means "at" or "by".
2. "них" (nix): This is the genitive plural form of "они" (oni), which means "they".
3. "есть" (yest'): This verb means "there is/are" or "have". It’s used to indicate existence or possession.
4. "официанты" (ofitsianty): This is the nominative plural form of "официант" (ofitsiant), which means "waiter".

So, "у них есть официанты?" (u nix yest' ofitsianty?) translates to "Do they have waiters?"

The sentence construction is driven by the idiomatic way Russian expresses possession, differing from English where possession is often indicated by the verb "to have".

Additional Grammar Notes:
– In Russian, the equivalent of "to have" uses the construction "у [pronoun in genitive] есть [object in nominative]".
– "у" governs the genitive case, which is why "они" (they) changes to "них" in the genitive.
– "есть" is omitted in negative sentences, and another word (нет) is used: "У них нет официантов." (u nix nyet ofitsiantov) which means "They don't have waiters." Here, "официантов" (ofitsiantov) is in the genitive plural to reflect the absence of waiters.

This structure helps convey not just possession, but the existence or presence of something related to the pronoun or noun in question.

a few seconds ago

Practice Russian with this Online Game:

Try a Game to Learn Russian – LangLandia

LangLandia is an innovative game-based platform that makes learning Russian fun and engaging. The platform utilizes a variety of interactive games, online challenges and exercises that are designed to make the learning process interactive and enjoyable. The game-based approach of LangLandia helps to keep learners motivated and engaged, making it easier to retain new vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structures. Additionally, LangLandia has online competitions and community activities like chat, PvP battles, clan wars, tournaments and different competions. Overall, LangLandia offers a fun and effective way to learn Russian, making it an excellent choice for anyone looking to improve their Russian language skills. Click here to get the mobile app.

The Game to Learn Languages

Learn languages with the Langlandia! This innovative mobile app/game transcends traditional language learning methods, offers online battles, tournaments, and clan wars. Enter the Olympics of Languages and compete against fellow learners from around the globe, putting your skills to the test. Trap exotic beasts and explore the world of LangLandia. Language learning becomes an unforgettable adventure where excitement meets education. Don't miss out – download the app and get addicted to learning!