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To punish in Spanish 🇪🇸


in English in Spanish S
to punish castigar
How to say “to punish” in Spanish? “Castigar”. Here you will learn how to pronounce “castigar” correctly and in the comments below you will be able to get all sorts of advice on to punish in Spanish like tips & tricks to remember it, questions, explanations and more.

Comments, Questions, Etc. About To punish in Spanish

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  • Tips and tricks to remember how to say to punish in Spanish
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Pronunciation

Normal speech: kas-TEE-gar
IPA: /kas.’ti.É£aɾ/

7 months ago

Opposites

Recompensar (to reward) – Castigar (to punish)

7 months ago

castigar info.

Tips to remember the word “castigar”:
– Associate “castigar” with the English word “castigate,” which is a synonym, though less commonly used.
– Think of a “cast” in a play getting “punished” for performing poorly (“cast” + “i-gar”).
– Visualize a teacher giving a “castigo” (punishment in Spanish) to a student to remember the meaning.

Explanations:
– “Castigar” is a verb in Spanish that means “to punish” or “to discipline.”

Other words that mean the same thing:
– Penalizar (to penalize)
– Sancionar (to sanction)

“Castigar” is an infinitive verb. Here are different conjugations:

Present (Presente):
– yo castigo (I punish)
Рt̼ castigas (you punish, familiar)
Р̩l/ella/usted castiga (he/she/you formal punishes)
– nosotros castigamos (we punish)
– vosotros castigáis (you all punish, familiar in Spain)
– ellos/ellas/ustedes castigan (they/you all formal punish)

Imperfect Past (Pretérito Imperfecto):
– yo castigaba (I used to punish)
Рt̼ castigabas (you used to punish)
Р̩l/ella/usted castigaba (he/she/you formal used to punish)
– nosotros castigábamos (we used to punish)
– vosotros castigabais (you all used to punish)
– ellos/ellas/ustedes castigaban (they/you used to punish)

Preterite Past (Pretérito Perfecto Simple):
Рyo castigu̩ (I punished)
Рt̼ castigaste (you punished)
– él/ella/usted castigó (he/she/you formal punished)
– nosotros castigamos (we punished)
– vosotros castigasteis (you all punished)
– ellos/ellas/ustedes castigaron (they/you punished)

Future (Futuro Simple):
Рyo castigar̩ (I will punish)
– tú castigarás (you will punish)
– él/ella/usted castigará (he/she/you formal will punish)
– nosotros castigaremos (we will punish)
Рvosotros castigar̩is (you all will punish)
– ellos/ellas/ustedes castigarán (they/you will punish)

Conditional (Condicional):
– yo castigaría (I would punish)
– tú castigarías (you would punish)
– él/ella/usted castigaría (he/she/you formal would punish)
– nosotros castigaríamos (we would punish)
– vosotros castigaríais (you all would punish)
– ellos/ellas/ustedes castigarían (they/you would punish)

Subjunctive Present (Subjuntivo Presente):
– yo castigue (I punish – subjunctive)
Рt̼ castigues (you punish Рsubjunctive)
Р̩l/ella/usted castigue (he/she/you formal punish Рsubjunctive)
– nosotros castiguemos (we punish – subjunctive)
Рvosotros castigu̩is (you all punish Рsubjunctive)
– ellos/ellas/ustedes castiguen (they/you punish – subjunctive)

Examples of sentences that use “castigar”:
– El profesor castigó al alumno por copiar en el examen. (The teacher punished the student for cheating on the exam.)
– Si rompes las reglas, serás castigado. (If you break the rules, you will be punished.)
– En algunos países, castigan severamente el robo. (In some countries, they punish theft severely.)
– Castigaría la mentira si fuera el juez. (I would punish lying if I were the judge.)
– Es injusto castigar a alguien sin pruebas. (It’s unjust to punish someone without evidence.)

a few seconds ago

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