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I owe/must/have to in French 🇫🇷

in English in French S
I owe/must/have to je dois
How to say “I owe/must/have to” in French? “Je dois”. Here you will learn how to pronounce “je dois” correctly and in the comments below you will be able to get all sorts of advice on I owe/must/have to in French like tips & tricks to remember it, questions, explanations and more.

French Sentences with the Word “I owe/must/have to”

French sentence with “je dois” English translation for je dois S

Tu dois me le promettre.

You have to promise me.

Parfois tu dois réfléchir

Sometimes you have to think

Tu dois faire ce que je dis

You have to do what I say

Ce que tu dois faire demain est…

What you have to do tomorrow is…

je dois me laver le visage avec un savon spécial.

I have to wash my face with special soap.

je dois me sécher

I have to dry off

je dois faire de l’exercice pendant une heure

I have to exercise for 1 hour

je dois acheter un cadeau pour ma sœur

I have to buy a gift for my sister

je dois encore le réparer pour elle.

I still have to fix it for her.

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je dois info.

Tips to remember the French word ‘je dois’:
– Associate ‘dois’ with ‘debt’ or ‘duty’ since they all begin with the ‘d’ sound and relate to an obligation.
– Think of ‘je dois’ as ‘I have a duty’ to help connect the meaning with the French words.

– ‘Je dois’ comes from the French verb ‘devoir,’ which means ‘to owe,’ ‘must,’ or ‘to have to.’
– It is an irregular verb in French.

Other words that mean the same thing:
– ‘Il faut’ (It is necessary)
– ‘Je suis obligé(e) de’ (I am obliged to)


– Present:
– je dois (I must)
– tu dois (you must, informal)
– il/elle/on doit (he/she/one must)
– nous devons (we must)
– vous devez (you must, formal or plural)
– ils/elles doivent (they must)

– Simple Past (Passé Simple, less common in spoken language):
– je dus
– tu dus
– il/elle/on dut
– nous dûmes
– vous dûtes
– ils/elles durent

– Imperfect:
– je devais (I had to)
– tu devais (you had to, informal)
– il/elle/on devait (he/she/one had to)
– nous devions (we had to)
– vous deviez (you had to, formal or plural)
– ils/elles devaient (they had to)

– Future Simple:
– je devrai (I will have to)
– tu devras (you will have to, informal)
– il/elle/on devra (he/she/one will have to)
– nous devrons (we will have to)
– vous devrez (you will have to, formal or plural)
– ils/elles devront (they will have to)

– Conditional:
– je devrais (I should)
– tu devrais (you should, informal)
– il/elle/on devrait (he/she/one should)
– nous devrions (we should)
– vous devriez (you should, formal or plural)
– ils/elles devraient (they should)

Examples of sentences that use ‘je dois’:
– Je dois partir maintenant. (I must leave now.)
– Je dois finir mes devoirs. (I have to finish my homework.)
– Hier, je devais rencontrer mon ami. (Yesterday, I had to meet my friend.)
– Demain, je devrai me lever tôt. (Tomorrow, I will have to get up early.)
– Je devrais probablement étudier davantage. (I should probably study more.)

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