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Happy birthday in German 🇩🇪

in English in German S
Happy birthday Alles gute zum Geburtstag
How to say “Happy birthday” in German? “Alles gute zum Geburtstag”. Here you will learn how to pronounce “Alles gute zum Geburtstag” correctly and in the comments below you will be able to get all sorts of advice on Happy birthday in German like tips & tricks to remember it, questions, explanations and more.

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Sentence info.

The German phrase “Alles gute zum Geburtstag” translates to “Happy birthday” in English. Let’s break down the sentence:

1. “Alles” – means “everything” or “all”.
2. “gute” – is the inflected form of “gut,” which means “good”. The “e” at the end of “gute” is an inflection for the accusative case due to the prepositional phrase that follows.
3. “zum” – is a contraction of “zu dem”, which means “to the”. “Zu” is a preposition that can mean “to” or “for”, and “dem” is a definite article for masculine or neuter nouns in the dative case. Birthdays are an event to which well wishes are directed “to”.
4. “Geburtstag” – is a compound noun, combining “Geburt” (birth) with “Tag” (day), literally making it “birthday”.

The full sentence, when translated literally, means “All good for the birthday”. It’s a wish that everything good may happen on the birthday.

To remember this phrase, you can break it down into its components: ‘Alles’ (everything) + positive wish ‘gute’ (good) + ‘zum’ (to the, for the) + occasion ‘Geburtstag’ (birthday). Remember that ‘zum’ is a preposition that requires the dative case, which is why “Tag” by itself (in “Geburtstag”) does not change, but the article “dem” changes to “zum” when contracted with “zu”.

Alternate ways to say “Happy Birthday” in German include:

1. “Herzlichen Glückwunsch zum Geburtstag!” – Lit. “Heartfelt congratulations on your birthday!”
2. “Glückwunsch zum Geburtstag!” – A less formal way to say “Congratulations on your birthday!”
3. “Viel Glück und viel Segen zum Geburtstag!” – “Much luck and many blessings on your birthday!”

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