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German Grammar – Why are you surprised that your sister won the contest? 🇩🇪


German Grammar Question Answer S

Warum bist du überrascht, dass deine Schwester den Wettbewerb ___ ?

Why are you surprised that your sister won the contest?

gewonnen hat
This is how to say Why are you surprised that your sister won the contest? in German with the correct grammar: Warum bist du überrascht, dass deine Schwester den Wettbewerb ___ ?, with the answer being “gewonnen hat”. Here you will learn how to pronounce gewonnen hat correctly and in the comments below be able to read comments on how to understand this grammar & tips and explanations on the grammar subject. Then, below that, you will have the opportunity to play a game practicing all different types of German grammar and vocabulary.

Comments, Advice & Explanations on the German Grammar Question: Warum bist du überrascht, dass deine Schwester den Wettbewerb ___ ?

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Warum bist du überrascht, dass deine Schwester den Wettbewerb ___ ?

Warum bist du überrascht, dass deine Schwester den Wettbewerb gewonnen hat?

The answer to the question is “gewonnen hat” (won). This is the correct conjugation of the verb “gewinnen” (to win) in the third person singular, present perfect tense, indicative mood.

In German grammar, the present perfect tense is used to talk about completed actions in the past that have a connection to the present. It is formed with the auxiliary verb “haben” (to have) or “sein” (to be) and the past participle of the main verb. In this case, “hat” is the conjugated form of “haben” and “gewonnen” is the past participle of “gewinnen”.

The verb “gewinnen” is irregular in the present perfect tense, and its past participle form is formed by adding “-en” to the stem. For example:
– Ich habe gewonnen. (I have won)
– Du hast gewonnen. (You have won)
– Er/sie/es hat gewonnen. (He/she/it has won)
– Wir haben gewonnen. (We have won)
– Ihr habt gewonnen. (You have won)
– Sie haben gewonnen. (They have won)

In the given sentence, the use of “gewonnen hat” indicates that the action of winning the contest is already completed in the past. The speaker expresses surprise or astonishment about this fact.

It’s worth noting that the verb “haben” is conjugated according to the subject of the sentence (“deine Schwester” – your sister) and the main verb (“gewinnen”) remains in its past participle form.

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