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German Grammar – Their cars are black 🇩🇪

German Grammar Question Answer S

____ Autos sind schwarz

Their cars are black

This is how to say Their cars are black in German with the correct grammar: ____ Autos sind schwarz, with the answer being “ihre”. Here you will learn how to pronounce ihre correctly and in the comments below be able to read comments on how to understand this grammar & tips and explanations on the grammar subject. Then, below that, you will have the opportunity to play a game practicing all different types of German grammar and vocabulary.

Comments, Advice & Explanations on the German Grammar Question: ____ Autos sind schwarz

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  • The German translation for ihre
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____ Autos sind schwarz

The correct answer is “ihre” in the sentence “____ Autos sind schwarz,” which translates to “Their cars are black” in English. The reason “ihre” is the correct possessive adjective is based on the gender and quantity of the noun it is describing, as well as the grammatical case.

In German, possessive adjectives must agree in gender (masculine, feminine, neuter), number (singular, plural), and case (nominative, accusative, dative, genitive) with the noun they modify.

Let’s break down the requirements:

1. Gender: “Auto” is a neuter noun in German (das Auto).
2. Number: The noun “Autos” is plural in this sentence, as indicated by the plural form of ‘are’ (sind).
3. Case: The sentence’s structure suggests a nominative case since “Autos” is the subject of the sentence (the ones doing the action of being black).

Now let’s look at the possessive adjective “ihr”:

– “Ihr” changes to agree with the gender, number, and case of the noun it precedes.
– “Ihr” itself does not indicate whether the owner is masculine, feminine, or plural, as it changes form for plural regardless of the owner’s gender.
– The forms of “ihr” in the nominative case are “ihr” (masculine/neuter singular), “ihre” (feminine singular/plural), and “ihre” (plural).

Since “Autos” is plural and we are using the nominative case, “ihre” is used, regardless of the gender of the owner of the cars. So “ihre” is the correct form to indicate ownership of the plural noun “Autos” in the nominative case.

Moreover, it is essential to note that “ihre” could also be used for formal singular “you” (Sie), when you’re respectfully addressing someone. However, this form (“Ihre”) would be capitalized to show respect and formality. Since “ihre” is not capitalized in the sentence “____ Autos sind schwarz,” it is a clear indication that it refers to the possessive adjective for “their” in the plural sense.

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