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German Grammar – I work for who pays me 🇩🇪

German Grammar Question Answer S

Ich arbeite ____ den, der mich bezahlt

I work for who pays me

This is how to say I work for who pays me in German with the correct grammar: Ich arbeite ____ den, der mich bezahlt, with the answer being “für”. Here you will learn how to pronounce für correctly and in the comments below be able to read comments on how to understand this grammar & tips and explanations on the grammar subject. Then, below that, you will have the opportunity to play a game practicing all different types of German grammar and vocabulary.

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Ich arbeite ____ den, der mich bezahlt

The sentence “Ich arbeite für den, der mich bezahlt” translates to “I work for who pays me.” The word “für” is a preposition that is used in German to express the idea of working for someone in the sense of being employed by or doing work in favor of that person.

In German, prepositions often dictate the case of the noun or pronoun that follows them. The preposition “für” requires the accusative case. In the phrase “für den,” “den” is the accusative form of the definite article “der” (for masculine singular nouns).

Since the sentence is referring to a person who pays, and not a specific mentioned person, the relative pronoun “der” is used. This is the nominative form (because it is the subject of the relative clause “der mich bezahlt”), and it refers back to “den” (the direct object of the main clause) which is why you don’t see the person explicitly named.

The structure is hence: “Ich arbeite für + accusative (wen?)” which leads to “Ich arbeite für den (Mann), der mich bezahlt.”

Remember that in German, the articles and pronouns change according to the gender of the noun and the case. “Den” in this context assumes that the word for the person doing the paying is masculine and singular, for instance, “der Mann.” If the subject were feminine, “die” (nominative) would be used in the relative clause, and “für die” (accusative) in the main clause. For neuter, it would be “das,” and for plural, it would be “die” in the nominative, and “für die” in the accusative.

Understanding this requires knowledge of German cases, as well as the gender and number agreement of articles and pronouns with the corresponding noun.

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