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German Grammar – Could the workers have finished the job? 🇩🇪

German Grammar Question Answer S

Könnten die Arbeiter die Arbeit ___ ?

Could the workers have finished the job?

beendet haben
This is how to say Could the workers have finished the job? in German with the correct grammar: Könnten die Arbeiter die Arbeit ___ ?, with the answer being “beendet haben”. Here you will learn how to pronounce beendet haben correctly and in the comments below be able to read comments on how to understand this grammar & tips and explanations on the grammar subject. Then, below that, you will have the opportunity to play a game practicing all different types of German grammar and vocabulary.

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Könnten die Arbeiter die Arbeit ___ ?

Answer: beendet haben

In German, the perfect tense (Perfekt) is formed by using an auxiliary verb (in this case, haben) followed by the past participle of the main verb (beendet). The auxiliary verb agrees in number (singular/plural) and person (1st/2nd/3rd) with the subject of the sentence. The past participle of the main verb remains unchanged.

In this sentence, the subject is “die Arbeiter” (the workers), which is in plural form. Therefore, the auxiliary verb “haben” should also be in plural form. Additionally, the main verb “beendet” should remain in its past participle form.

The past participle “beendet” comes from the verb “beenden” (to finish/end). It is formed by adding the prefix “be-” to the root verb “enden” (to end). When used in the perfect tense, the past participle remains the same for all subjects, regardless of whether it is singular or plural.

Hence, the correct phrase in German is “die Arbeit beendet haben,” which translates to “have finished the job.”

Additional Information:
The perfect tense is commonly used in German to talk about completed actions in the past. It is formed with a helper verb (either “haben” or “sein”) and the past participle of the main verb. The choice of helper verb depends on the main verb used and certain grammatical rules.

It’s important to consider the context and the intended meaning when choosing the correct verb tense in German. Different tenses convey different temporal relationships between actions. In this case, since the sentence indicates a completed action, the perfect tense is the appropriate choice.

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