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French Grammar – I hope my cousin arrived 🇫🇷

French Grammar Question Answer S

J’espère que mon cousin ____ arrivé

I hope my cousin arrived

This is how to say I hope my cousin arrived in French with the correct grammar: J’espère que mon cousin ____ arrivé, with the answer being “soit”. Here you will learn how to pronounce soit correctly and in the comments below be able to read comments on how to understand this grammar & tips and explanations on the grammar subject. Then, below that, you will have the opportunity to play a game practicing all different types of French grammar and vocabulary.

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J’espère que mon cousin ____ arrivé

The correct answer is “soit” because it is a subjunctive form of the verb “être” (to be) used in the third person singular. In this context, the subjunctive is used to express uncertainty or doubt about whether the action of the verb has taken place.

In French, when there is doubt or uncertainty expressed in a main clause, the subordinate clause introduced by the conjunction “que” (that) requires the verb in the subjunctive form. Hence, the verb “arriver” (to arrive) in the subordinate clause is used in the subjunctive to match the uncertainty expressed in the main clause.

To form the subjunctive present tense of “être” in the third person singular, we use the present tense indicative conjugation of “être” (which is “est”) and add the subjunctive ending “-e”. Therefore, we get “soit” as the correct subjunctive form.

Other information needed to understand this grammar rule:
The subjunctive mood is commonly used to express:
1. Uncertainty or doubt: J’espère qu’il soit là. (I hope he is there.)
2. Desires, wishes, or preferences: Je veux que tu sois heureux. (I want you to be happy.)
3. Impersonal expressions: Il est important que tu saches ça. (It is important that you know that.)

The subjunctive mood is used after phrases that express doubt, possibility, emotion, necessity, will, and order. Some common expressions that often trigger the subjunctive mood include: espérer que (to hope that), vouloir que (to want that), craindre que (to fear that), il faut que (it’s necessary that), etc.

The subjunctive form of “être” has irregular conjugations in other persons and tenses. It is important to learn the specific conjugations of irregular verbs in the subjunctive mood.

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